Thursday, September 25, 2014

Rising of Terrorism in Middle East:

Terrorism: Violence against individual, community, and government, to achieve political, religious and ideological objective.
Root of terrorism is as old as human existence to achieve its political and ideological and religious greed. One of the earliest groups, ‘The Sicarii’, a jewish group, emerged to resist the Roman rule in the region, which began in 40 BCE. After Fifty years, 10 CE, Judea put under the control of Roman rule. Jewish groups began violent resistance and started guerrilla or terrorist tactics. The war ended with the devastation of Roman forces from Jerusalem.

Modern Terrorism:

The 18th century, France’s costly engagement in the American Revolution, imposition of heavy taxes and extravagant spending by King Louis XVI during 1754-1793 marked the severe poverty, unrest among society. It led a desperate attempt of rebels to overthrow the Louis regime.
The French revolution initiates the modern terrorism during 1791-93. ‘The Reign of Terror’ put in motion by Maxmilien Robespierre in 1793 in reaction of France’s first written constitution, setting a constitutional monarchy. He installed a dictatorship to stabilize the country and defended his approach for transformation of the monarchy to a liberal democracy. He was a member of the Jacobins, a political party, and attacked his political enemies, the Girondins. More than 17,000 people were tried and executed on record in era of Reign of Terror.

Declining of Colonial era marks: Internationalization of Terrorism:
Militant Islamic Terrorism rooted in Middle East & South Asia has taken a lead role in and after the colonial rule. Most of these extremist groups are religious and political motivated. The colonial era has played an important role in the growth of nationalism and anti western attitude among the Asian and African nations. Gradually, these anti western attitude, political and ideological gain stimulate some militant groups towards kidnapping, extortion, and contract killing. Post colonial era also worked as oxygen in the fire in these states during the independence and formation of states. Creation of Israel stimulates a series of pro Marxist philosophy, revolution, and anti western attitude throughout the Islamic world.
Creation of Israel, 1948, a spark of terrorism:
On May 14, 1948, David Ben-Gurion, the head of the Jewish Agency, proclaimed the State of Israel under the Balfour Declaration of 1917 after the end of British mandate in Palestine. The same was also recognized by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. While President Franklin D. Roosevelt had assured the Arabs in 1945 that the United States would not interfere  in the internal matter of both the Jews and the Arabs unless their invitation. On the other hand, Palestinian Arab said that the same area had been promised to them in First World War for fighting against the Turks (a German ally).
 “The Balfour Declaration of 1917: The Balfour Declaration was made in 1917. Which led the Jewish community in America and Britain by assuring that Great Britain would extend its support the creation of a new Jewish state in the Middle East. Balfour declaration was accepted by the Jewish community as Great Britain’s support for a Jewish homeland? Other nations that fought for the Allies in First World War also extended their support for the declaration. On the other hand, Palestinian Arab said that the same area had been promised to them in First World War for fighting against the Turks (a German ally).Once the war was over, Palestine was given to British for governing it as a League of Nation’s mandate. At the end of war both the Jews and the Arabs believed to be betrayed over same piece of land. After 1918, many Jews immigrated to Palestine under the Balfour Declaration. The Arabs perceived Jews emigration as threat on their autonomy and independence of Palestine. This marks the beginning of terror in Palestine.”
The British, having a colonial mandate for Palestine, also was not in favor of creation of a Jewish state and an Arab state in Palestine due to its political and economical relations with the Arabs. In 1946, Once Truman assumed his office, appointed an expert committee to study the Palestinian future. Soon Truman extended his support for the creation of a Jewish state. In 1947, United Nations Special Commission also examined the issue and recommended the partition of Palestine by adopting Resolution 181 (popularly known as the Partition Resolution) once the British mandate was scheduled to end. Under this resolution, the area surrounding of religious significance Jerusalem (a holy city) would remain under international control administered by the United Nations. British government and King Abdallah of Transjordan, other Arabian nations objected to the UN partition resolution. Hajj Amin al Husseini, charismatic leader in Jerusalem and Head of the Supreme Muslim Council strongly denied a single piece of Palestine for Jewish-Zionist community and started to use violence and terror against Jews, as well as against the moderate Palestinian Nashashibi faction that for many years cooperated with the Jewish community and recognized them brothers. Creation of Israel spark a civil war in Palestine, and later it turned into an Arab-Israeli war on May 14, 1948. Israel defeated both the Arab armies and militants of the Palestinian and occupied more land than allocated UN resolution.
“Palestine Liberation Organization PLO: the Arab League in Cairo Summit 1964, marked the creation of an organization representing the Palestinian people to carry out planning to resolve inter-Arab conflicts and to adopt common principles regarding the struggle against imperialism and the "aggressive policies"”
In 1960s, Palestinian secular movement began to establish an independent state of Palestine. This movement was popularly known as ‘Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)’ in 1964. The PLO was seen as a terrorist group by US and Israel until the Madrid Conference in 1991(The conference, initiated by US and Soviet Union, was aiming to resolve their rival territorial claims including the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Jerusalem). Now PLO is enjoying observer status at the United Nations since 1974 as the "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people". In 1993, the PLO accepted Israel's existence by accepting UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and gave up "violence and terrorism". Many extremist and terrorist groups like Popular Liberation Front of Palestine – General Command (PLFP-GC) associated with PLO started to isolate them after PLO’s acceptance of Israel in 1993.  
The Oslo Accords: Creation of the Palestinian Authority (PA)
 Oslo Accords are a set of agreements between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), created the Palestinian Authority (PA). Palestinian Authority is limited to have self-governance over parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Oslo Accords acknowledged that the PLO is now Israel's partner in permanent status negotiations about the remaining issues like the borders of Israel and Palestine and military presence  and the Palestinian right of return. However, Conflicts are still going on.
Emergence of HAMAS, A Militant Group:
Hamas was founded in 1987 an offshoot of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood. HAMAS, an organization, designated as terrorist group by some nations like Australia, Canada, Egypt, the European Union, Israel, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and is strictly banned in Jordan. On the other hand, it is not considered a terrorist organization by Iran, Turkey, Russia, China and some Arab nations. HAMAS got ground based on the principles of Islamism throughout the Arab world in the 1980s.  Its aim is to liberate Palestine, including modern-day Israel to establish an Islamic state. This group is very active in Gaza Strip. Israel occupied the territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the Six-Day War of 1967, which had been earlier occupied by Jordan and Egypt respectively during the 1948 Israel and Arabian war, and has maintained control of them since.
HAMAS–PLO-affiliated FATAH party Conflict:

 In the January 2006, HAMAS won a majority of seats in Palestinian parliamentary elections by defeating the PLO-affiliated Fatah party. After election the Quartet (the United States, Russia, United Nations and European Union) made future foreign aid to the Palestinian Authority conditional upon the future government's commitment to non-violence, recognition of the state of Israel, and acceptance of past treaties and promises. Rejection demand of Quartet led to the suspension of foreign assistance program.

 In March 2007, a national unity government was formed under leadership of Prime Minister Ismail Haniyeh of Hamas but failed to regain international financial aid. After the formation of the Hamas-led cabinet on March 20, 2006, tensions between Fatah and Hamas militants progressively rose in the Gaza strip as Fatah commanders refused to take orders from the government while the Palestinian Authority initiated a campaign of demonstrations, assassinations and abductions against Hamas, which led to Hamas responding. Soon Israel and Egypt then imposed an economic blockade of the Gaza Strip; on the grounds of Fatah expulsion from Gaza Strip by HAMAS militants group. In 2011, Hamas and Fatah announced a reconciliation agreement after a long talk for providing a joint caretaker Palestinian government. Progress has stalled further agreement to form a compromise unity government, after elections to be held in late 2014

Sachin Raj Singh Chauhan
Chief Sub Editor, Ground Report India

Thursday, February 28, 2013

Is RTE (Right to Education) a black act for poor and lower middle classes

(This article is based on the RTE in Uttar Pradesh, the situations could be same in other states too. I am exploring the regulations in other states too. I will write a detail article on RTE in near future. RTE= Right to Education)

Including me, we praised a lot the RTE act, we supported it last 12 years. But now I guess we were wrong because we trusted it blindly and skipped to see the deep inside the Act and praised the act emotionally, many clauses of the RTE are very dangerous for the poor and lower middle classes.

I met first time Vinod Raina in 2000 in Kanpur in a meet of education. I found Raina does not aware too much with the ground realities. I spent a week with Anil Sadgopal in 2002 in Hyderabad and discussed many educational issues.

I have been an active part of an organisation voluntarily who has been working for primary education for underprivileged children in all over India. We established many thousands centres for the poor children in very remote villages. I started and established 10 non-formal education centres for the children of migrant-workers between 1999-2001. 
I taught voluntarily in several non-formal schools for Dalit & Tribal children in interior villages of Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Chhattisgarh. 

I am a founding part of an open teachers training centre in Rajasthan, we invite teachers from small-scale private schools to improve their teaching skills. The trainers we get from Maharashtra, some persons in Maharashtra have done very good experiments for teaching materials and teaching skill improvements.

I am writing above to let you know that I understand the crisis of education systems for poor classes in India.

The dangerous drawbacks of RTE in Uttar Pradesh:

After 31.03.2013, no-one could run any formal or non-formal education centre, it is illegal under RTE and penalty starts with Rs 1 Lakh, if the formal school does not follow infrastructure standards set by the governments.

Thousands of notices have been issued to the formal recognised and non-formal schools not following the infrastructure standards set by the government.

Following standards of the recognised school means around 2 million Rs expenses on infrastructures not included the land price. And recurring expenses will be around 0.15 to 0.2 million Rs per month to run a small school. This means, these schools will have to charge a handsome amount of fee from the students.

Now a poor or lower middle class student has only two option-
  1. To drop the education and only enrolled in the government schools
  2. To study in ill-managed government schools
A poor or middle class student will not have opportunity to study in small-scale private formal/non-formal schools, which are comparatively better in education quality than the government schools because of government standards for infrastructures and teachers' qualifications.
In Uttar Pradesh, there are many thousands government schools do not follow the infrastructure standards and do not have teachers. There are lack of more than 3.5 Lakh teachers only in Uttar Pradesh in government schools.

Government is not arranging the facility of quality education but stoping community to arrange a quality education by possible means, what will the children of poor and lower middle class do?

The RTE will create a high discriminations between poor and rich.

Poor and lower middle classes will get education in ill-managed government schools and upper middle class & upper class will get education in costly public schools.

We welcomed 25% seats in public schools for poor children but the RTE in Uttar Pradesh demands the two basic documents from a student from a poor and lower middle classes to study in a costly public schools under 25% quota-
  1. Students must produce a proof that there is no government school in his/her area
  2. Students must produce a letter from the principals of the all government schools in the area that seats are full in their schools to the education officer
To produce above documents are as impossible for a child of poor or lower middle class.

Just for a note-
Ekal-Vidyalaya was a good effort and made lots of successful output but is illegal now because of RTE act.

Is RTE not a black act for poor and lower middle classes?

Vivek Umrao Glendenning

Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Demand for 10-Fold Increase on Women’s Safety in Budget 2013-14 by ASSOCHAM Ladies League

February 26, 2013, New Delhi: 

At an urgent press conference held in New Delhi, ASSOCHAM Ladies League demanded for massive allocations of funds in Budget 2013-14 for women’s issues, as what is coming via news and views is not enough. Dr. Harbeen Arora, Global Chairperson, ASSOCHAM Ladies League (ALL) said, “We are making an urgent and earnest appeal to Hon’ble Finance Minister to increase allocations for women’s issues in the budget. We demand a tenfold increase in outlay on women’s safety and not just doubling up from the last year’s expenditure.” She further added, “This is the last budget of the current Government and it must turn out to be a landmark budget for women empowerment in our country. This is the time when the government needs to take a multi-pronged, long term approach for empowering women. Therefore, there is an immediate need to take a big step in this direction and make a clear statement to women citizens, by way of generous allocations to various parameters that empower women, like their safety, education, health, digital inclusion, and employment.” 

Releasing a 32-points recommendations to the Government of India titled, “Budget 2013-14: Recommendations by ASSOCHAM Ladies League for Allocating Funds for Women’s Issues in Parameters that Empower Women,” Ms. Alka Lamba, Committee Chairperson, Social Justice, ALL and Youth Congress Leader said, “We urge for far-reaching allocations for scholarships for girl students as well as adding more technical & vocation courses for them.” Ms. Indra Bansal, a noted CA, asked for budgetary allocation for fair compensation to victims of abuse, attack and rape. 

Other Key Recommendations: 
ASSOCHAM Ladies League has made other important recommendations which should be included in the Budget 2013-14. These include: 
  1. Allocation of additional funds for more PCR vans for intense patrolling, in order to create fear in law-breaking minds and allow women and citizens live with a sense of security and more faith in the police.
  2. Allocation of funds for self-defense training program for girls in schools. 
  3. Increase in fund for constructing more separate toilets for girl students in primary and secondary schools. 
  4. Providing funds for conducting training programs at school and college levels to empower students and teachers to run gender-based anti-violence projects within schools. 
  5. Audit of education infrastructure in reference to specific needs of girls. 
  6. Allocation of fund for constructing more hostels for girl students in universities and colleges as well as working women’s hostel. 
  7. Allocation of more funds for creating shelter homes for women victims of domestic violence and other abuses. 
  8. Increase in allocation for raising employability through effective spoken English Teaching and Communication Skills in Government Schools. 
  9. Increase in grants to universities for conducting Intensive Training Program to sensitize the Police Force. 
  10. Providing fund to invest in technology for prompt aid to women. 
  11. Allocation of fund for creating employment opportunities in backward and rural areas through SMEs, cottage industries and industry linkages to check in-migration to metropolitan cities. 
  12. Allocating massive outlay of funds for the digital inclusion of women and youth. 

About ASSOCHAM Ladies League (ALL) 
ASSOCHAM Ladies League (ALL) is an eminent and global all-ladies league to facilitate and fortify robust participation of women in business, society and economy. ALL works for creating a positive and progressive mindset toward women as well as supporting education activities in rural areas to help women address their local challenges and concerns. It is also promoting women’s entrepreneurship and presence of women in various echelons of business and corporates worldwide. ALL operates in an open and world-engaging way, inviting maximum participation from women across the globe. It has 12 Chapters in India and around the world. ALL has also instituted ALL Women Achievers Award to honor women from a wide cross-section of society. (For more details about ALL, visit 

ASSOCHAM initiated its endeavor of value creation for Indian industry in 1920. Having in its fold more than 350 Chambers and Trade Associations, it serves more than 0.4 million members from all over India. It has witnessed upswings as well as upheavals of Indian Economy, and contributed significantly by playing a catalytic role in shaping up the Trade, Commerce and Industrial environment of the country. Today, ASSOCHAM has emerged as the fountainhead of Knowledge for Indian industry, which is all set to redefine the dynamics of growth and development in the technology driven cyber age of 'Knowledge Based Economy'. (For more details about ASSOCHAM, visit

Thursday, January 10, 2013

Telangana: A Critical Appraisal


Sachin Raj Singh Chauhan (B Tech, MBA, NET Qualified, Faculty, IAIT, New Delhi,Chief Sub Editor, Ground Report India)


Historically, Telangana has been witness of many dynasties. One of the prominent, Satavahana, the feudatories of Mauryan Empire declared independent after declining of Mauryan Empire, ruled this area for many years.
During the era of Delhi Sultanate, this area comes under the Muslim rulers, and then succeeded by Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb. Asif Jah I, A Mansabdar of Emperor Aurangzeb was appointed a Viceroy of Deccan. He was given a title of Nizam-ul-Mulk by Farrukhsiyar. He was popularly known as a Nizam of Hyderabad. At the end of eighteenth century, Nizam of Hyderabad signed Subsidiary alliance with British and became Princely state after losing defence and foreign affairs by adopting the dominion status under the British.
Beginning of conflict:
After independence of India, 1947, Nizam of Hyderabad was not ready to merge with Indian Union. In response, Government of India annexed Hyderabad forcefully on 17 September 1948 under the leadership of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Deputy Prime Minister of India. At the same time, there was a voice to separate Telugu-speaking region like Rayalaseema and Andhra region which has been part of Madras Province under British Raj. Finally in 1953, Andhra State was formed as its capital Kurnool after death of Potti Sri Ramulu, who was on the fast unto death for formation of Andhra Pradesh.
In 1953, State Reorganization Committee was appointed to reorganize the state boundaries. SRC report in Para 374 said,  “ The creation of Vishalandhra is an ideal to which numerous individuals and public bodies, both in Andhra and Telangana, have been passionately attached over a long period of time, and unless there are strong reasons to the contrary, this sentiment is entitled to consideration” While at the same time SRC also not fully in favor of this merger due the following background:
  1. Public opinion was not in favor of merging with Andhra Pradesh.
  2. Telangana region was under developed economically, politically, educationally because of it’s existence under the Nizam while Rayalseema and Coastal Andhra were the part of Madras provinces under British was highly developed.
  3. Linguistic bases of merging the state (As Nehru Report, 1928) was not a very much justified due to the major difference in their cultural and social system.
  4. Telangana region was equipped with a natural resource, they were afraid its resources might be diverted to Andhra.
  5. Telangana people were feared that planned irrigation projects on the Krishna and Godavari rivers would not benefit Telangana proportionately.
The commission proposed that the Telangana may be constituted as a separate state with a provision for unification with Andhra state, after the 1961 general elections, if a resolution could be passed in the Telangana state assembly with a two-third majority. But eventually it failed unfortunately.
At the same time the prominent leaders of Andhra Pradesh approached to the government to merge the Hyderabad state (having the Telangana region) to the Andhra Pradesh. Finally under the influence of Congress party’s central leadership, Contemporary Chief Minister of Hyderabad state, Ram Krishna Rao supported the decision of merging with Andhra Pradesh by ignoring the vast interest of Telangana people.
In order to proceed further, Andhra state assembly passed a resolution on 25 November 1955 by assuring Telangana that “the development of that area would be deemed to be special charge, and that certain priorities and special protection will be given for the improvement of that area, such as reservation in services and educational institutions on the basis of population and irrigational development.”
An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on 20 February 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra, which was popularly known as Gentlemen Agreement. There was severe protest, violence in Telangana region during 1948 to 1969.
By 1969, Telangana leaders were not satisfied with the proper implementation of Telangana safeguards. They observed that the agreement had been broken, Telangana erupted. The violence took the place and Army had to be called in. the movement was lead by the political party Telangana Praja Samiti.
Political and Social Movement:
Telangana Movement has been active since 1953 with slow and steady race. Taking some political advantages, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), promised to Telangana people to form a separate Telangana state if they came to power. But in 2000, BJP created Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, and Chhattisgarh. But in 2002, during the ruling of NDA, Union Home Minister, L K Advani made U turn and said that regional disparities in economic development could be tackled through planning and efficient use of available resources. And later in 2012, again making u turn he said that A Telangana region could not became a separate state due to the immense opposition from its coalition partner, Telugu Desam Party.
In this flip flop, K. Chandrasekhar Rao (KCR), Former member of the Telugu Desam formed a new party Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS) with a unique agenda demanding separate state as it existed before the merger to Andhra region.
On 9 December 2009, Home Affairs Minister, P. Chidambaram announced that we are in a process of the forming a separate Telangana state, pending issue in the Andhra Pradesh assembly. It led a severe protest, resignation from both Andhra and Rayalseema region.  On 23 December, the Government of India announced that no action will be taken on Telangana issue until the consensus of society and political parties are not reached.
On 3 February 2010, the government appointed a five-member committee headed by Justice Sri Krishna to enquire the matter.
The six options presented in the report were as follows:
Maintaining Status Quo – Keeping the Andhra Pradesh State without any change.
Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana regions with both of them develops their own capitals in due course of time. Hyderabad to be converted to a Union Territory – This proposal was similar to the Punjab-Haryana-Chandigarh model.
Dividing Andhra Pradesh into two states – One of Rayala-Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital and second one of the Coastal Andhra Pradesh
Dividing Andhra Pradesh into Seemandhra and Telangana with enlarged Hyderabad Metropolis as a separate Union Territory that will be linked geographically to district Guntur in coastal Andhra via Nalgonda district in the south­east and via Mahboobnagar district in the south to Kurnool district in Rayalaseema
Bifurcation of the State into Telangana and Seemandhra as per existing boundaries with Hyderabad as the capital of Telangana and Seemandhra to have a new capital. This was the second most preferred option according to the report.
Keeping the State united and providing for creation of a statutorily empowered Telangana Regional Council for socio­-economic development and political development of Telangana region. This was the most preferred option
In comparison with the Rayalaseema region, the SKC remarked that “Thus, on the whole, it would appear that the deprived region is Rayalaseema not Telangana”
Telangana leaders rejected the recommendations of the Sri Krishna committee report and insisted on the formation of a separate Telangana State with Hyderabad as its capital.
Contribution of Telangana in Andhra Pradesh:
Major rivers including the Godavari and Krishna, flow into the Bay of Bengal at Coastal Andhra, draining Telangana. Telangana is the largest in terms of area comprising 41.47% of its total area. It’s population is around 44% of the state’s population and contributes about 15% of the state’s revenues, excluding the contribution of the central government. Andhra Pradesh revenue comes from Telangana, 12.47% (7.17% from Hyderabad) from the central government 19.86%, from Andhra: 65.71% and from Rayalaseema around 24%. There are allegations that in most years, funds allocated to Telangana were never spent. . According to Professor Jayashankar only 20% of the total Government employees, less than 10% of employees in the secretariat, and less than 5% of department heads in the Andhra Pradesh government are from Telangana; those from other regions make up the bulk of employment.
A Sudden wake of Congress:
On 30 July 2013, the Congress Working Committee (CWC) unanimously passed a resolution to recommend the separation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh to the central government. Hyderabad was proposed to be the joint capital for both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana for 10 years.  9 Districts will be in the Telangana state. Here, Debate takes place why INC (Indian National Congress) waited for a long time. Was INC waiting for 2014- Lok Sabha Election or something else?
Constitutional Framework:
Article 3 says that the Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.—Parliament may by law—
(a) form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
(b) increase the area of any State;
(c) diminish the area of any State;
(d) alter the boundaries of any State;
(e) alter the name of any State:
Provided that no Bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either House of Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless, where the proposal contained in the Bill affects the area, boundaries or name of any of the States, the Bill has been referred by the President to the Legislature of that State for expressing its views thereon within such period as may be specified in the reference or within such further period as the President may allow and the period so specified or allowed has expired.
So in case of Telangana there is a need of only a political will and parliament bill for formation of Telangana State as per the laid down Constitutional procedures. Neither the consent of Andhra Pradesh Assembly, nor the Amendment to the Constitution is required for a new territory from the boundaries of Andhra Pradesh state. Here, the Union Cabinet has to take a political decision and advice President to recommend to the Parliament to pass such legislation.  Constitutional framework says that if new sate is affecting the territory of any state, The President is bound to refer the Bill to be introduced to both the parliament and the Andhra Pradesh Assembly. While, the opinion expressed by state legislative assembly not making any influence on proposed bill. It means if there is an opposition against the referred bill or no opinion is made within stipulated time period, or when such a bill is approved, the President can go ahead with formation of a new state.
Challenges for New State Government:
Srikrishna Commission reveals that backwardness, illiteracy, intra-regional disparity, poverty, and power – distance would be the major challenges before the Telangana state.
NCERT Books,
Modern History, Vipin Chandra,
Federation of India and States' Re-organisation: Reconstruction and Consolidation, Ranjana Arora, Verinder Grover
Few of web links:

Friday, November 23, 2012

Tanaya Thakur : a teenage girl of 17 years but walks on the legendary path

Tanaya Thakur is a 17 years old girl and a first-year law student at Chanakya National Law University, Patna. A young and dynamic lady, Tanaya considers herself to be a committed social activist who is ready to fight for justice and equally ready to oppose oppression and injustice. Thinking that her legal studies would be helpful in this purpose she is certain that she would act to liberate the world out of its present day condition and would not only help in establishing the rule of law but will also be a warrior where the law needs to be amended. Always dressed with a smile on her face, Tanaya can turn ferocious when she finds that injustice is being done. Her life seems to be a struggle in the present for a better future.

Works done by Tanaya

Tanaya thinks of herself as a social activist and RTI activist. She is a staunch believer that the functioning of democracy shall be transparent as democracy is a political system of the people, by the people and for the people. Thus being an advocate in transparency she is also a member of the National RTI Forum, an organization working in the field of governance and transparency throughout India. Tanaya has herself filed many RTIs regarding various causes in numerous departments. One such issue is regarding the cremation sites of Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi. She along with her brother Aditya asked the Ministry of Home Affairs about the legal validity of the cremation sites of these leaders. While she personally has got deep respect for these leaders who have played a really crucial role in shaping India’s destiny, the crux behind the whole issue is that while a large percentage of the nation’s population is poor, how can we allow such extravagancies to be done? 

Tanaya is also a rationalist and thinks that superstition should be opposed. In this war against superstition she and her brother Aditya filed an FIR against the Indian god-man Nirmal ‘Baba’, who claims to have a third eye and promotes blind-worship and superstition among his followers. Tanaya thinks that superstition has become an endemic disease in India among all classes and feels that it needs to be wiped out before it wipes us.

Ideas and Interests

Along with social activism, Tanaya is also interested in writing. She writes poems, short stories and articles in both English and Hindi. She is also a voracious reader and loves to read books, both fiction and non-fiction. Tanaya’s favourite subject is English literature. She has also developed a keen interest in law, being a student in that subject. She also has interest in Political science and sociology. Tanaya thinks that one should never find herself being bound in a certain syllabus and thinks that reading books out of the prescribed course are cardinal to the complete development of the individual. 

Tanaya has been working on a collection of short stories lately. She also considers writing to be both a hobby and career for her along with law. She also has her own blog that is

Furthermore Tanaya has got interest in films and journalism. She is not only a self-described movie buff but also expresses interest in the history of cinema and film criticism.

Tanaya Thakur is the daughter of Mr. Amitabh Thakur and Dr. Nutan Thakur. Her father is an IPS officer who is also involved with social issues while her mother is a full time social activist. Tanaya thanks her parents for imparting not bookish education in her but instead giving her moral education. She thinks that her parents instilled in her the quintessence of education. She finds in her parents a mentor, a guide and a hero.

Tanaya is deeply concerned about the contemporary situation of the country as she thinks of herself as not only a good citizen but also a strong believer in humanity. She feels that something must be done and wishes to use the legal acumen she would acquire as a lawyer in the benefit of people at large. Her life has become a struggle for justice and a fight against oppression. Much needs to be done and the path would be long but Tanaya always feels optimistic about humanity’s future.  


Thursday, November 22, 2012

Aditya Thakur : a teenage boy of 14 years but walks on the path of legendary

Aditya Thakur is a boy of about 14 years, presently studying in Standard XI. Despite being a student, he has been involved in both writing and social activism for a period that is no less than the past two years. He finds social activism to be a must for every student as there lies the essence of education: building a better tomorrow. Being a sensitive person, he feels sad for the world today as it succumbs in utter irony and injustice but then he realizes that feeling sad is no option and the real solution lies in working to get the world out of this state. Thus he thinks that his life would be a journey; a journey in which there is little rest and much to do.


Works done by Aditya

Though Aditya wants to expand his activism in every field- right from human rights to governance and economic injustice- till now his most important achievement has been made in the war against superstition. Being a self-professed rationalist and a bitter opponent of superstition, he along with his sister Tanaya Thakur filed an FIR against the god-man Nirmaljit Singh Narula aka Nirmal Baba at the local police station in Lucknow. Though the police initially refused to file the complaint, a long fight had to be drawn and the FIR was finally lodged through the intervention of court. This struggle targeted not only a single fraudulent ‘baba’ but also targeted a whole lot of such people who spread irrationalism and make fools out of people just to fill their own pockets.

Aditya Thakur also believes in access to education to all as education is not a just monopoly of the wealthy. Therefore he along with his sister also started giving free of cost education to the children in the neighborhood slums. Later they had to stop this due to ever-building pressure from studies of their own classes but this whole event opened their eyes to a whole new world.

Along with his activism related works Aditya writes poems and articles too. His poems are basically free-verse and sometimes show little poetic qualities but most of the times they are a serious attempt to express the phenomena in us and around us in words. He also has a blog-

Future Plans, Ideas and Interests

Aditya has got deep interest in history and the social sciences. He considers history to be one of the best teachers available to human society. The past makes the present and so the understanding of past is indispensible to the understanding of the present and the understanding of the present is vital when you think of making a better and more luminous future. The past has got both a good and bad side, so Aditya thinks of taking inspirations from the better part of history and learning from the very mistakes that were made back then. Along with history, his favourite subjects are political science and economics. He also finds mathematics to be an interesting subject.

After Class XII, Aditya wishes to pursue law. This is so not only because of his liking for law but also because he thinks that having a sound knowledge of law and legal affairs is always beneficiary for someone who wants to work for bringing a change in the social system. Law and society are closely knitted and courts have also become a place to instill social change, thanks to the concepts of social justice and social legislation. With whatever glimpse he has got of legal studies till now Aditya has developed a taste for International law and Human Rights. International Law builds a sense of One World Theory and promulgates a world without borders, he feels. Although he deliberates that the notion of a single world shall be spread he doesn’t think that it has been achieved through the recent phenomena of globalization, which has developed since the 1990s. He feels himself as a part of the greater anti-globalization movement. 

Aditya advocates a decentralized government where power is distributed to all. He thinks that the smallest organ of the whole democratic system shall get access to the larger world while being self-sufficient and self-reliant. He considers that the local government encourages more public participation and thus is freer from corruption. Also a local government would be able to take better decisions on many fronts vis-a-vis a government which is not aware of the problems on the grass-root level. He thinks that the government should be made more transparent and accountable. It’s obvious that a decentralized government would be helpful in that. 

While not only having a dislike for big government, Aditya also feels that big corporations have negative influence on the society and hinder actual development. Development shall be for the people and by the people, he thinks, but big corporations discard the whole crux of development and rather help a few to stockpile wealth. He feels that the fruits of development should reach to all and for that a more eco-friendly and a more people-friendly mode of production and distribution shall be development. Such an industry might be developed by social entrepreneurship, which is both reliant and also helps in poverty alleviation. 

Aditya Thakur feels that while people can be destroyed by a variety of ways, their thoughts remain alive. Ideas are indestructible and are of great value. He considers himself a person whose whole life would be a quest in search of those ideas, and as it has been said before it would be a long journey where there would be miles to go before the traveller sleeps. 



Saturday, July 14, 2012

Why Renewable Energy Important for India

Heera Lal, PCS
Secretary UPNEDA
Uttar Pradesh

The persistent electricity shortage is a key bottleneck in sustainable growth of India. Our per capita consumption (778 KWH) is one of the lowest in the world as compared to world average 2600KWH. Approximately 80.9 million households are still to electrify. And 42 percent of rural masses use kerosene –based lighting. So they pay 20-30 times more than they would pay for electricity based lighting. Supply is not sufficient even in urban areas. Still 6 to7 percent urban households use kerosene-based lighting.

12th plan’s approach paper says for GDP to grow at 9 percentage rate, commercial energy supplies will have to grow at a rate between 6.5-7.0 percent yearly. It suggests a 100 GW power capacity addition for the plan period 2012-17. An IEA (International Energy Agency) report concludes India need around 800GW-1200GW by 2050 as compared to present 199GW capacity.

Coal, oil and gas are non-renewable fossil fuels. They take millions of years to form and its reserves are depleting faster than new formation. About 65% of electric generated from coal and oil. 

Hence it is on top in electric pattern generation in India. Low calorific value, less production capacity and growing demand for power forced India to import about 20% of its coal requirement. India import almost 76% of its oil requirement from middle-east countries and rest it meets by local production. 

A rising India should give due heed to challenges posed by enormous energy needs. Oil and coal will remain the chief sources of energy for the foreseeable future. As a result, India will remain highly reliant on potentially unstable countries for its energy needs. 

The erratic fluctuations in prices of crude oils and fossil fuels are great concern for us. This adds salt to owe of the masses. And businesses see its impact down the line up to the bottom. 

Families feel the pinch when they go for basic needs. Oil demand is growing with the rising power demand. Thus, the price of oil will keep rising.Energy security is a critical issue for us. 

It has political angle too and attracts the attention of eminent world thinker and politicians. Our former president Dr.A P J Abdul Kalam says “Energy independence is the lifeline of a nation.” US President Barack Obama made it an election issue in his 2008 campaign. He wanted to get rid of dependence on gulf countries due to oil import. So, he promised $15 billion yearly investment for research on green energy. On March 30, 2011 he said “My country can’t afford to bet our long-term prosperity and security on a resource that will eventually run out. 

Therefore it is time to do what we can to secure our energy future.India stands at 6th in energy consumption with very little resources. It is very interesting and strained us to think on our planning like USA efforts in last 4 years. On one hand US efforts have decreases its oil import by 12% while on other hand it is increasing in India rapidly. 

That is why, India must take serious endeavors to secure and control our energy future. That we can by harnessing all our resources that are available with a diverse energy portfolio.India is fortunate enough to be endowed abundantly with renewable energy (RE) resources. RE includes solar, wind, biomass and small hydro etc which are widely distributed across the country. And it can be utilized through commercially viable technologies to generate power. Hence it is accelerating the use of RE and is indispensable for India to keep its survival. RE technologies are based on the inexhaustible resources. These technologies offer sustainable energy alternatives to a world beset by serious environmental problems and volatile fossil fuels.RE has started showing visible impact in Indian energy scenario. 

It is good news for us as it is now about 12 percent of total national eclectic installed capacity. Decentralized based RE and its distributed applications have benefited millions of rural folk. It is meeting their cooking, lighting and other energy requirements in an environmentally benign manner. RE have social, political and economical implications. 

It reduces poverty among rural masses by supplying clean energy. It also generates employment at village level and ultimately improvement in the standard of living and creation of opportunity for economic activities at village level which are not possible in absence of this power. 

Non-availability of power is a social issue for political actors. RE provide politicians to use RE as tool to solve this social problem in remote areas for political gains.Indian RE program is primarily private sector driven. It offers significant investment and business opportunities. 

New investment in renewable has now exceeded US $10 billion yearly. India’s huge potential is likely to be even greater than 150GW. Yet, resources from sources such as plantation on wasteland and offshore wind farms have not mapped. 

These have significant generation capacity and to harness this we need to a lot more. The potent solar power is likely to increase significantly with improvement in technology as solar power generation contributed more than 500MW in one year. RE has the potential to transform energy markets across the world. Globally, the clean technology industry is considered the next big high-tech industry (like IT sector). 

Recognizing the sector’s potential, India should made a strategic plan for our overall growth similar to Mahatma Gandhi model. This means strengthening the rural India which can now possible by RE. There are thus many strong reasons for placing high priority on renewable energy development.

(Writer is Secretary UPNEDA but views are personal and based on different sources)

Friday, July 13, 2012

Sachin Tendulkar as MP in Rajya Sabha (Council of States) puts question mark over Rajya Sabha Nomination policy

Sachin Raj Singh Chauhan, B.Tech, MBA
Chief Sub Editor, Ground Report India Group

Rajya Sabha, a place, where debate and discussion takes place.
Conceptually, a place where one is framed with powers, responsibilities to act and influence.

As per the Fourth Schedule (Article 80) of the Constitution, 12 persons, having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as literature, science, art and social service, may be nominated to the Rajya Sabha.

The maximum strength of Rajya Sabha as 250, out of which 12 members are nominated by the President and 238 are representatives of the States and of the two Union Territories.

The motive behind the nomination is to invite eminent personalities, have earned distinction in their field of activity, who may not like to contest the election due to daunting affair. Nominating them to Rajya Sabha is not only recognizing or conferring the honor but also raising the quality and level of deliberations by reason of their contribution to the debates.

Sachin Tendulkar couldn’t take oath during the Budget Session due to IPL matches last month.

Sachin made it clear that his focus would be cricket and hinting at concentrating on Parliament work after he stops playing the game. However, he hastened to add that he does not want rumors to swirl that he has stopped playing cricket for Parliament.

"I am here because of my cricketing career. I cannot take any focus away from my cricket. That is where it all started for me. I will focus on my cricket and as and when I stop playing cricket, I don't know, when I will start attending to other things.

"I don't want rumours to start that I have stopped playing cricket. I will let everyone know when I will stop playing cricket," he said when asked how he would assuage people who raise questions whether he would be able to do justice to the job in Parliament when he is still playing cricket.

"Cricket comes first," Tendulkar told reporters as he and wife Anjali were chaperoned by Shukla to Rajya Sabha Chairman Hamid Ansari's chamber.

A number of Parliament staffers took out their mobile phones to capture a glimpse of the cricketer.

If you go through his life, you will find out he never participated in any Vigorous controversial issues weather it was match fixing or any controversies of IPL or CPL. As we are aware that he always play too safe. Here I am not saying but his own innings is continuously reflecting these facts.

Under the captainship of Sachin, India played 73 one day international, won 23 and lost 43 matches. It put question mark on his leadership. He played very well individually. It shows that he is very good player but not a leader.

As Indians we all have love, regards for his contribution in the name, fame of India at international level. So the government should give him an honour of “BHARAT RATNA” rather than seat in Rajya Sabha where he is not fit legally and practically.

Why not legally: Sports is not mentioned in prescribed category of Fourth Schedule (Article 80) of the Constitution. It repudiates the said law.

Why not practically: He has been quite on any issue related to cricket or other. He never participated in any social issues. His own statement, I will focus on my cricket and as and when I stop playing cricket, I don't know when I will start attending to other things. He couldn’t take oath during the Budget Session due to IPL matches last month. All above statement reflect his narrow interest in Rajya Sabha. Where Policy are made and governed to run the entire country.